If you’re interested in raising livestock, goats are a good starting point. They are relatively easy to take care of, and are quite low-maintenance as well. Here’s how to take care and raise goats properly.
Goats are social animals, so for their own health, it’s best to get at least four at once. One male goat and three female goats should do nicely. You can expect a kid or two after several months. Buying a goat on its lonesome is just not as good an investment as buying in bulk.
Prepare Their Home
raising goatsYou should have an adequate area of land to allow your goats to roam about. You don’t necessarily have to fence them in. You can just tie a goat to a long piece of rope and they can go around as much as they can. You can later relocate them to another area. That way they still get plenty of exercise without wandering off.
If you do decide on fencing them in, make sure it’s a sturdy fence that will be too tall for them to jump over.
The goat pen should be ready for the goats even before they arrive. Again, there should be adequate space for each goat to move around in, as well as protection from the elements. If you are lacking space, you can build small “bleachers” where goats can hop onto and rest. As long as you have adequate protection from heat and cold, your goats should be pretty happy.
What to Feed
Goats are pretty happy with a choice selection of grass, hay and leaves. You can further enrich their diet by adding fruits and vegetables, but you don’t have to feed them that all the time. The diet can also be more specialized depending on what you need them for: Their meat, their milk or for show.
Make sure that they have a steady supply of water all the time. You can provide them with a water trough where they can drink from at any time.
Clip their hooves and brush their hair every other week. The horns of male goats can also be dulled to pose less of a threat to people. Unless you are trained to do it yourself, a vet is still the better person to do these activities.
Don’t be worried about goat droppings in your plants. Goat droppings are not “hot” like chicken droppings and will not cause harm to your plants.